Original article is here. http://blog.kamikura.com/archives/72
Original Post date: January 6, 2008
Translate by Excite Translate
A fire occurred in the ethylene plant in the Kashima Plant of the Mitsubishi Chemical Corp. In this plant, ethylenes of 475,000 tons a year are produced. There are two, and the ethylene plant is each scale of this level, and an ethylene plant of a domestic maximum scale.
A fire occurs by one of the plants, and the expectation of restoration is not understood. As a result, it has a big influence on the petrochemistry production of Japan and the product using it.
It is a fire of the ethylene plant this time. Let’s think about the influence by taking it as an example of the polyethylene of a comprehensible, typical product.
There are three plants of polyethylene (manufacturing device) according to the floor plan.
There are some kinds of polyethylenes, and the production of grades (kind of the product) is sure to be divided in each plant though what kind of products each plant can produce is not understood.
By the way, polyethylene is commodity plastics (plastic) used for various products such as the drink cap, the plastic bag, the water and gas pipes, the fuel tanks (car), and buckets.
Polyethylene is divided into the high density polyethylene and the low density polyethylene.
The stiffness that differs greatly the density as being in the name is also different respectively though the molecular architecture is different.
Of course, the high density polyethylene is firm, and the low density polyethylenes are softer than they.
High-density polyethylene HDPE
Low-density polyethylene LDPE
Each resin (plastic) wants it referring to external links such as Wikipedia.
Polyethylene is commodity plastics, and it is produced by the petrochemical complex of all parts of the world.
The performance of each plant is different all over the world though there are a lot of plants respectively, and grades that can be produced are limited.
Especially, it is manufactured from a quite different manufacturing device though HDPE and LDPE are the same polyethylenes.
The grade of a different plant is not easily producible.
In the world of polyethylene, some physical performances can be shown by the numerical value. Almost the same thing is quite different in a performance detailed as the kind of some molecular architectures different, and additives is different etc. in the catalog value that a chemical manufacturer makes public.
It looks like though the pizza restaurant exists in various places if this is compared by a general example though it is difficult even if it tries to mimic the taste of another restaurant.
It is difficult to do usually the same driving in the plant of two remainder though it follows, one of the ethylene plants is effective, at least one continues among three polyethylene plants because it can expect half production at the level, and driving is possible.
Japanese polyethylene Ltd. is manufacturing the polyethylene produced in the Kashima plant of the Mitsubishi chemistry.
Japanese polyethylene Ltd. has the polyethylene plants also in Kawasaki, Mizushima, and
Oita excluding Kashima.
If it doesn’t stick to the performance etc. if only the number of factories is seen, the production of polyethylene can be maintained.
However, the price of oil has risen now. It doesn’t limit to polyethylene, and there is no room in production in the plant of each petrochemistry.
It is difficult to bear the production of two plants.
Moreover, when the resin for a medical treatment and a special industrial commodity is produced in Kashima, the problem is complicated.
The grade for each product obtains the product recognition etc. of each plant from each testing body etc.
There is a possibility where things that cannot be produced in other plants and the other companiess exist, too.
In general, the trader who uses the product can supplement with the other companies goods because it buys it from two or more companies to some degree with the assumption of the disaster like this time.
The other companies might not have room in manufacturing, and either it is difficult for the long term.
It is possible to move it to the other companies and another factory for the grade that has generality. However, the thing that cannot help being manufactured in the plant of Kashima comes out from a special product, too.
It is a Mitsubishi chemistry and Mitsubishi Kemicalhorldings to be influenced directly by this.
The other companies also is entering the Kashima plant, and it becomes the problem of all enterprises that compose the industrial complex of Kashima.
About above-mentioned Japanese polyethylene Ltd., it is a joint venture company with the enterprise of two or more so ons Japan Porikem Ltd., and it has a large influence on other chemical manufacturers.
The ethylene plant has a large influence on the downstream product. When this a fire is prolonged several months and every years, it might influence the corporate strategy.
Moreover, it is a situation that can be called the price of present oil abnormality, and the petrochemical doesn’t decide it for tens of years in the situation like the moderate left like before.
It is necessary to win the competition with the foreign company.
It just wishes that this accident not have some influences on the petrochemistry industry in Japan of the future.
There is a possibility that the manufacturing of Japan develops into the accident that might have some influences, too, too, when it is not possible to restore it at the early stage.